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THE HISTORY AND ANTALYA

REGION PSIDIA

Anatolia region south of the ancient Pisidia, Lakes Region "is located at. Region, southwest, Lycia, Pamphylia, in the south, east, Isaura, in the north of Phrygia is surrounded by.

Tauros (Taurus ) Mountains , which are covered by the mass of the region's average altitude of more than 1000 meters high . In general, the limestone ridges of the hill-encircled plains or lakes (Egirdir, Beysehir, Kovada , Burdur, Sugla , Ketsel , etc ...) significantly affected the climate of the region has resulted in a rich vegetation is seen .

The borders of Pisidia is not fully understood today. In general, the exact boundaries of the ancient sites are not, in general populations between regions, both geographically, ethnically need can be said of the nature of a transition area. But in addition we also have a complete list of the cities of Pisidia. Given by ancient writers as a variety of shortcomings or contradictions in the city lists exist.

Strabo, Hellenistic writers Artemidoros's Selge, Sagalassos, Pednelissos, on the island, Tymbriada, Kremna, Pityassos, Amblada, Anabura, Sinda, Arrassos (Ariassos), Tarbassos and Termessos' As well as giving a list of cities that comprise the city of Antioch Pisidian Antioch percent referred to it as.

Because of the favorable climate, rich vegetation and the region has been inhabited since ancient times has seen. The lower limit of the oldest traces of settlement in the region BC Until 35000 belong to the Upper Paleolithic stage. Often found in caves in the region also have been useful in the development of Palaeolithic settlements. This finds a natural rock shelters in the Isparta region Bozanonu Senirce-Off in the Cave 'were found in the.

Anatolia, dated to between the years about the Mesolithic Period 12000-9000 to the most important settlements in the region, which is one of the Barad, Burdur Lake, north - located in the east. Which are characteristic of this age the tiny stone tools called microliths Typical examples of the region reflects the most important examples of the Anatolian Mesolithic.

Chalcolithic and Neolithic settlements known in the region; Hacilar, Kurucay, Suber, Erbaba, Kizilkaya, Cigirtkankaya, Derekoy, Yenikoy Mound, Cukurkent, Beysehir Mound, Yilan Mound, Alan Mound, Kasakli Mound, Mound Seydisehir, Kanal Mound, Eflatun Pinar, Toprak Tol , Burun Mound.

Hattusas' as defined from the countries mentioned in the tablets Arzava Pisidia and Pamphilia regions of the earth covered by the thought. Arzavalylar's XVII. starting from the XII century, the Hittite Empire collapsed. Until the beginning of this century to be put to great power, because of its steep terrain throughout history who have not been invaded easily supposed that lived in Pisidia. As the structure of this region, but is effective in gang battles, great armies and chariots was helpless in the face of the rugged terrain. Arzava pack up in a few years, even after defeating the Hittites' in his head continued to sweat.

Tablets the name of the city sometimes, sometimes country, sometimes referred to as the confederation of countries Arzava countries Arzawa Arzava named as the reason was that of a kingdom. In other countries that make up the Confederation of Hapalla, Mira and Kuvaliya, Seha River Country and Appavia, Vilusa, Zipasla and Hariati mountainous countries. All of these countries is referred to as the King of the kings of the Hittite texts Arzava. Since the establishment of the archives of the Hittite Empire, followed a policy of hostility against the Hittites of Arzava described. Ammunas that ruled between the years 1550-1530 of the revolt began finishing Arzava countries are known to go for a murder.

New in the time of the Hittite Empire (1440-1190) Arzava riots continued. To ensure unity of Anatolia, the king makes a lot of war III. Winning the last period of independence between 1440-1380 Tuthalias's region Arzava, the land of the Hittites to Tuwanuwa (Tyana, Nigde) went up. II. Murshili (1339-1306) the third and fourth year of the reign of King Uhhazitis Arzava and his son walked over and Piyama-Ynaras heavily defeated the Hittites again tied up area.

Kaska people the north, south, his long and exhausting struggle with the people of the Hittites Arzava I dropped the weak. BC In 1220 to deal with the "III.Arnuvandas time" had become the Arzava irrepressible revolts. Bogazkoy (Hattusas) tablets apparently never took place is not told very sudden migration of the Aegean and the Hittites' s, but also brought an end to the people of Arzava. Information about this devastating wave of immigration, migration performs tribes "Sea People," commemorating the Egyptians obtain the necessary records. XX. family pharaoh III. Ramses" timely, in 1194 BC, wrote a stele which was written: "... none of them Hatti country could not withstand the attacks." Codec (Kadesh), Carchemish, and Alasia Arzava were destroyed ... "are written statements.

Arzava kingdom after kingdom, or confederation of the region of Pisidia, such as has never been a complete political union to be established what the administrative structure of the region, we know nothing definite about what the cities of the region. Fortified the people around them are a lot of big cities and small villages are thought to be inhabited, and only the dangers faced unity.

The history of Anatolia, as well as in some parts of Pisidia until the middle of a very uncertain rule of Persia. Migration of the Aegean to Anatolia during the Hittite Empire, which ended the Phrygians believed that field domination is understood to be extended to the western part of Pisidia. As told by Herodotus in his work, BC 6. outside the tribe to the west of Lycia and Cilicia Halys'in century, the king of all the expense of Croesus of Lydia (Karun), and the territory had been defeated by. There is no other evidence that the Lydians that ruled the area.

BC Lydian state Domination of the Persians in 546 by the Persians about the first hundred and fifty years after the destruction of any record in the absence of Pisidians name of these people bring to mind the possibility that this period is known under another name. Termessos Pisidian cities, Sinda and Ariassos'un Milyas some sources as cities go through a period of history, but not all of the south-western part of Pisidia suggests that this name is remembered. The period of domination of the Persians, Herodotus wrote about the status of this region: "Yonians, Asian Magnesians, Aiolians, Carians, Lycians, and Pamphylians Milasians with four hundred silver talentlik paying taxes, and the first satrap (nomos) were brought to occur.

Herodotus records the lack of information about the rest of Pisidia any reason as the author describes the fact that all the Pisidia as Milyas or people of the region may be due to the Persians, the tax does not

BC is the oldest record we have passed the name of Pisidia 5. century, western Anatolia big brother of Cyrus king of Persia II, Satrap Young. To Artakserkses (405-359 BC) describes the preparations for the expedition against the will. To hide the true purpose of this campaign, writing in Xenophones's Kyros, Phrygia Pisidia people punitive expedition organizer organize reported looting raids. This statement, like the Phrygians and Lydians by the Persians under the sovereignty of the region is fully understood that they could not get. Entering from the north Pisidia ongoing expedition of Cyrus BC Despite the defeat of the king of Persia in the region dominated by the Persians in 401 Kunaksa shaken.

In 334 BC, across the Hellespont to set foot in Anatolia III.Aleksandros (Alexander), accept the dominance of western Anatolia, after you have captured in Lykia turned north and reached Milyas. Milyas Arrhianos how "that they delivered," says:
"... During the most severe winter Milyas' was a rush. It belonged to the Great Phrygia. A tax on the orders of the Great King of Lycia, but now joined ... ". Alexandros, Pisidia 'crossed the rugged terrain of Phrygia, or made a show goes on at the same time thought he would be living here. But that is closed by the people of Termessos "Yenice Strait" took a few days to lay siege to the city of Termessos Alexandros loser, gave up more time and continued on his way to avoid losing encompasses the city. But during the siege, they were the people of Termessos Selge eternal enemy of the people who won eternal loyalty. With the guidance of the people of Perge and Sagalassos Selge 'Alexandros up to this city, after fighting forced Arrhianos'un told some of the other Pisidian cities, seized with some of the compromise. Alexander put it on the road to the cities of the Pisidian Arrhianos'un thought he meant. Rugged terrain of the region because of the people addicted to the freedom fighter and uses light weapons, well-fortified. Despite the strategic position of Alexandros cities to put up. Alexandros in 333 BC Nearkhos appointed satrap of Lycia and Pamphylia, a province of Pamphylia and Pisidia arrangement could not be taken outside the places that gave them the task of conquest. However, this task has not been delivered in place.

After the death of Alexander, In 307 BC, Antigonos Monophtalmos's became involved in Pisidia, In 301 BC, "Battle of Ipsos' Seleucid a winner (Seleucid) connected. III. Antiochus defeated by Rome Apameia Peace (188 BC) and the Pergamon king II.Eumenes' e was. The time of Augustus, BC During this period the province of Galatia, and Rome, were included in 25 major cities of the region, Kremna, Olbasa and Komama colonized. Vespasian during the A.D. In 74 reorganized with Lycia and Pamphylia. If a very slow start to take the region under the influence of Roman civilization and the urbanization II. century, gained momentum and was decorated with the Roman structures. In 297 AD, Diocletian's administrative section Asiana Diocesis arrangement with the region participated in Lycia. The region during the Byzantine period, and Anatolikon Thrakesion connected themes.

Ariassos, Isinda, Minassos, Orbanassa, Pednelissos, Talbonda, Termessos southwest Anatolia as the very common suffix-ss-nd and the city, mountain and river names of relatives, which are not solved yet is the Luwian language indicates Pisidia. Homer Illiada's including text of said Solymler'in Pisidians thought that many of the ancient. Hellenic origins of the peoples who base all their tradition, mythology, mythological characters, came from Pisidia Pisides tells people that the ancestors of the name. According to this myth Pisides daughter of Zeus, or Ares with Kaldene in Solymos and Mily was born as a result of marriage. Tremil Solymos and Mily 's (Termil) descendants with Kragos related. Hellenes of the myths created by the Milyas living in Pisidia and Lycia Solymos people might suggest that relatives of people living in Termil. Traces of Luwian languages ??spoken in these regions also indicated that these peoples came to the common ancestors. At the same time, freedom-loving peoples of the region in terms of the characters are similar to each other.

Including the mountainous region north of the old province of Antalya, Burdur and Isparta province of Pisidia Region territory includes the present. Ancient history is not a political matter Pisidya historians have not mentioned very often in this region. Is an important cultural center of the Neolithic Era, apparently as a result of excavations in the Pisidia region of Burdur Hacilar is not enough information about the previous cycles. The information obtained from Bogazkoy tablets "in 3000 BC," the people of the Hittites in this region, "Luwian name, they" lived in a community of people. Arzava who fought with the same period, the Confederation of the Hittite Empire was the center of Pisidia historians argued. Homer, The Iliad The Epic of old people sitting in Pisidia in the neighboring Solymler is said to have with the people of Lycia. Pilinius writes: "The old folk ensembles in Solymus Anatolia lived in this region, one of the king's name." According to Strabo, was given this name in the mountains where Termessus located. Town houses with a temple of Zeus Solmeios'un Termessos one of the people worshiped the "Founder's House", as there is a temple. However, no mention of a people are not as Solymler later.

Strabo writes: "The looting and robbery by the people got along all Pisidia. Especially the southern regions of Pamphylia and Lycia were making constant attacks. Pisidia in the 6th century BC, expense of Croesus, king of Lydia, the Anatolia during the capture of this region have come under its sovereignty, but it is believed that its internal affairs independently. In 547 BC, the region seized by the Persians, then Alexander the Great (in 334 AD) after the death of his generals, Antigonos came under management. Antigonos In 301 BC, the defeat of the Battle of Ipsos duration of Seleucid left in the hands of a region, in 188 BC, the people of Pergamum Apameia passed by the Treaty of Peace. The Roman emperor Octavian Augustus, in Pisidia Kremna, Olbasa, Komama and colonial cities such as Antioch is founded. Then In 395 AD, a district of Rome, Byzantium was divided to two parts.

lbasa, Komama and colonial cities such as Antioch is founded. Then, AD 395, a region of Rome, Byzantium was divided to two parts.

REGION PAMPHILIA

Before the Hittites, the "thousand year BC 2" previous eras in this region so far on what the situation was no precise information.

However, the Turkish Historical Society, 'from the I. Kilic Kokten " by the Antalya's northwest "Yagca Village " around the Karain Cave in the research, "Paleolithic (Sculptured Stone) Period the" flint tools, animal and even human remains were found. Similarly, 25 km from Antalya. discovered in the west "Beldibi Cave", the region shed light on the prehistoric era. Also known in this region, but explored the surface of the hand-made ??mounds, black and red pottery fragments were found. These works, north of Antalya, the "Lakes Region" in the tumuli in the "Paleolithic and Copper Age vase According to resemble this region, a fact that may be experienced in the early cycles.

This speeds the first stage to the next date from the prehistoric ages we do not enlightening information. However, the great kingdom of the Hittites in Asia Minor founded by all and 2 Ahhiyava's mentioned in the last half millennium Hittite written documents (or Arzava s) within this region that are put forward.

Grecian history of the region, as in many other places, during the Trojan War begins. In a speech in Homer's epic The Iliad Sarpedon Sarpedon Plepolem and Lycia, and is shown as a counselor. The same myths Tyde son of Diodemes and Hippolok son of Glaukos in a speech between the Glaukos, a supernatural creature named Chimera in Lycia, Bellerophon is undertaking such a terrible struggle. Troy ancient sources of the decline, adopted in 1184 BC, before the existence of an indigenous people in this region arises spontaneously. However, this is not enough information about the transfers and the people of the region after the fall of Troy in the history of a loose group of Greeks in Anatolia and Cilicia went to the south through the remainder of the majority Pamfilya accepted as the date to settle there, BC . the year 1100 as should start. The inscriptions on the outside of the base of these people, however, the document was found in Perge, a few sculptures. Even though they should be the founders of the virtual city of Perge. Because some of the oldest sources says: Kalchas' knowledge of his contest against Mopsos'a, Claros died in grief as a result of the defeat. Or never reached Pamphylia." Again, some sources in Mopsos and Amphilochos; they Mailos city of Cilicia either crossed, and there they killed each other in a duel after installing describes the result of disagreement among the experts.

Pamphylia, "Races in the Country" means. Such "Grecian language name of a region given the name "Asia Minor" in a very few. Perhaps this name was given because of the settlement of communities in the region of mixed races. Organizations in the cities of the Greeks, always making the mythological tradition, dialing a case, the daughter of Mopsos Pamphilia Pamphylia name given to the argument that linking to or adopted half-sister Pamhyle. However, Pliny reports that Mopsopia the former name of Pamphylia. But the artifacts left behind by the people of Pamphylia, in particular those belonging to Mopsos confirm this. The true self coins and stone inscriptions, as illustrated in the Grecian language Pamphylia, Dor shows a strong relationship with Athens before the migration. From a hundred years after the Trojan Wars, Greece, and spread a large portion of the area under the sovereignty of the people of Pelepones Dorians, brought with them their own language.

This first migration from Greece, and later followed by a second migration. Greece and the west coast of Asia Minor Greeks living in Ionia and Aeolis regions bearing the name, Pamphyliaeither have the right effect. Perge, Aspendos and Side have formed colonial cities.

From The Gumbad Pamphylia been mentioned above. In fact, the information available, BC 200 years, one long inscription on the support in Sillyon door arises. Perge, Aspendos and outside in Sillyon forms and letters on the same dates, proper names are the same features. This is us , dating 2nd century BC shows up in these three cities to speak a common mouth. It just does not fit Side. Side of a language and alphabet used yet unsolved. After Alexander the Great captures in these zones, regional dialects spoken slowly disappeared and the place around here, "Koine" language of the so-called Greeks abandoned it.

500-600 years after the Greeks settled in Antalya region, creates a virtual dark age. Acquired short information distinguishes the events taking place in these years distant. BC and 6th century land of the kings of Lydia in western Asia Minor until the beginning wanted to expand. This is the last of the kings Croesus, not seen any economic benefits conquered all the territory outside of Lycia and Cilicia. In 546 BC, Croesus, king of Persia, defeated by Kyros, all the Lydian kingdom was conquered by the Persians. King of Persia 1 Performed by the satraps of Dairus inequality, the region 1 Taken into satrap. Aspendos, Side, some cities, such as coining money is still being continued, the Persians under the rule of independence of these cities shows that a fairly broad.

King Darius, "In 490 BC," and ten years later, he attempted to obtain the Persians of Xerxes in Greece, the country, the soldiers had gathered from these regions. Herodotus exaggerated the numbers of Xerxes army, and 1,700,000 people Pamphilia Grecian style, equipped with the fund joined with 30 ships. Historians state that as the descendants of their Kalchas and Amphilochos.

The people of Pamphylia was forced to fight against their countrymen, that they are closely allied with trivial Kana warned Xerxes Queen Artemisia. Most likely, they proceeded in this war is actually asking. For this reason, during the war, not to mention Pamphilias no success.

The Persians "in 479 BC," Greeks in Salamis and Plataia defeated in the mass slaughter. This event in the Aegean and Anatolia in the west of the whole city of Athens, established in the management of a" Union of Attica-Delos' what' to join forced. only the southern coast of Lycia, Pamphylia and Cilicia, not join it, troops from the cities of Persia to keep constant. Xerxes "BC In 469 "in the same year and was able to collect an army of near Aspendos" Commander Kimon of Athens ", the south coast had been engaged in successful battles. Kimon, Karla and Lycia 'the Persians' pulled out here and took them in the cities have at their disposal. Then the mouth of the river Eurymedon (Koprucay today) mixed attacked enemy forces. a long and difficult conditions out of the land, the land army to attack the enemy waited for the night. Persia was in the navy for a rout, and idleness, Kimon tried to trick a war. dress and title of best dressed men, and prisoners of Persia appearance of the Persians introduced them to the prisoners. Thus, the soldiers plundered the land of the Persians Persia rigged ships went riding. saw it on the ground troops of Persia, released them to show great joy when the war chests colleagues, Kimon, this time by removing the remaining troops from behind, won another victory. for this double victory, obtained one day after the Kimon in Athens a statue was erected in the name of. as a result, the danger has disappeared from Persia, and some coastal cities in southern Athens Sea Union participated.

Until Pelepones Wars, which lasted less than a century after freedom, 356 Persians, who have passed the management of Isparta people "Attica Delos Sea Union" seized, and thus forced the Greeks to peace, all the cities of Asia Minor to the Persians they had to.

This change can not be said something about how it affects the Pamphylia region. However, under the Persians before Aspendos and Side, "in the 5th century BC," they have is a re-authorization for their own sever numismatics, easily tolerated for the management of Persia gives the idea that nature. But they gave the Persians the most important issue has been timely payment of taxes.

This second transfer of sovereignty, the Persians, Alexander the Great of Persia in 334 years to break the rule, and the Greeks in Asia Minor to avenge the injustice suffered by previously took up to pass. Descending towards the south western Anatolia at a time starting with Alexander the Great, who with their armies to defend their cities to surrender without showing much resistance, nestled up in the winter Lycia Alexander the Great without resistance. After receiving the cities one by one into the hands of management, had Pamfilya before spring. It has been established at that time for the city of Antalya in the Pamphylia first stop was the city of Perge.

He was welcomed with a friendly Perge people. Because Perge people previously had guided him in Lycia. Alexander the Great, the ambassadors met with the people of Aspendos on the road towards the east of here. Acts according to what you say, Aspendos he would not show resistance. However, the Military Association of requests to be left in Aspendos was a Macedonian. Approved requests to Alexander the Great, but the king of Persia sent continuously whereas the army of 50 pieces of gold talent with horses (1 Talent = 30.2 Kg) tax stipulated. Ambassadors for agreeing to these terms, the correct path of Alexander the Great continued to Side without Aspendos.

Side experiencing no resistance in the Alexander the Great, after that Alexander the Great, back to the west, headed for Sillyon. Here, the resistance encountered for the first time. Unprepared for an attack he could not get the result, while preparing a second attack, Aspendos some unpleasant news reached him. The people of Aspendos, other than the fulfillment of the conditions adopted by messengers, the Acropolis, carried all the assets, portions of ruined castles, repairing, had prepared everything for the resistance. Alexander the Great Sillyon 'take over, giving up spending the whole army marched on Aspendos and conquered the city down neighborhoods, where the main city besieged the Acropolis. Aspendoslular Alexander the Great to return back once again after returning to the west had not seen at all possible.

Alexander the Great 'goal to get this area in Asia Minor, of Persia's southern coast to be used in establishing a naval base against. Sillyon 'did not get benefit more than the seizure of Alexander the Great, Sillyon to Perge attacking returned to. Alexander the Great in Gordion 'in the Parmenion's management had other part of the army. Gordion was decided as a meeting place for both.

Alexander the Great 's generals, Ptolemy Arian form of a book by taking advantage of the reports, "the path passing through Termessos" he says. Phrygia, or how easy the road to Alexander the Great who wanted to cross, nor was shorter. In addition, one of Termessians closed by the dangerous passages "Yenice Strait" resisted passing. I wonder why the ancient way of Alexander the Great to the present Burdur did not prefer? 'Footsteps of Alexander the Great "by Freya Stark's book wondering after this situation, but Termessos' s seizure of robbery and who performs Pergeliler very uncomfortable by the Alexander the Great has been referred in writing this the wrong way.

Arian from, Alexander the Great conquered the city intends to take place in the alley while the lower defense, Selge from telling some of the ambassadors came to learn from her friendship. However, Alexander the Great in their 'e have no information on what you told. Most likely, they are on the wrong track, must have attracted their attention, giving Alexander the Great in the city of Sagalassos in taking a forward. In the meantime, Alexander the Great conquered the city wants to spend and need to take it into account failed sensations.

In this region, in 323 BC Alexander the Great in the death of a young age that occur in a broad way to break up the empire following the generals, Antigonos' s management has been under. But Antigonos' s, resulting in the defeat and death after the Battle of Ipsos (in 301 BC), Seleucid Antalya region of Ptolemaislar with the Kingdom of Asia has been a region frequently changed hands.

King III. Philip of Syria. Antichios defeated by the Romans, in 189 BC, The Roman commanders Manilius Pamfilya received tribute came, and in some cities. Apameia was signed in 188 (Dinar) of this region following the Treaty of Rome, Pergamum Kingdom of supporters dropped off for sure be left to the unknown. But after a while west of Pamphylia (today the city of Antalya), king of Pergamum, Il. Were seized by Attalos. Some sources divide the path of Pu following the generals after the Battle of Manisa has been under the rule of Antigonos. But the defeat of Antigonos and resulted in the deaths after the Battle of Ipsos (in 301 BC), Seleucid Antalya region of Ptolemais with the Kingdom of Asia has been a region frequently changed hands.

King Philip III of Syria. Antichios' s defeat by the Romans, in 189 BC, The Roman commanders Manilius tribute came from the cities of Pamphylia, and had some. In 188, signed Apameia (Dinar) Peace Treaty 'from the then this area of Rome, Pergamum Kingdom of supporters dropped off for sure be left to the unknown. But after a while Pamphylia's west (present-day city of Antalya), king of Pergamum, II. Attalos were seized by the. Some sources of Manisa War after the Pisidian region reveals the king of Pergamum, Eumenes left. But the cities of the Pisidian Selge a very strong and warrior did not accept this change of management. II. Attalos in 158 BC, Selge found a failed attack. However, II. Attalos" needed to carry out a policy of caution. Because once the rule of Manilius acquired in exchange for money in the cities of Rome was under guardianship. For this reason, II. Attalos Side of a major port city for the Romans did not dare to take. Called his name (present day Antalya) was forced to build a new port city.

The last king of Pergamum, II. Attalos in 133 BC, died childless, Pergamum Kingdom, a testament to Rome, passed through. In 129 BC, Little Asia Province Pamphylia after the establishment of the state participated in the management of known. Thus, this region's ever-growing sea pirates, Rome 's days as opposed to the benefits thought to have been released as an autonomous region.

 

REGION LYKIA

Lycia, Anatolia 's terms of historical and natural wealth is one of the most interesting regions. In ancient times, "Land of Light known as" the ancient cities in the region, almost intertwined with nature.

In early 2nd millennia BC, in this region, the environment fearsome pirates, Luke lived in the eastern Mediterranean. However, this Luka is pronounced as a word, then by the Greeks thought of Lycia.

Lycians, Battle of Kadesh, fought with the Hittites and the 7th century BC, the first half of the kingdom set up a local. The mid 6th century BC, the Lycian region falling under the sovereignty of Persia, in the 5th century BC, Delos Union was created against the Persians. In 334 BC, rescued from the Persians by Alexander the Great in the region, this time came under the dominance by the generals of Alexander. A privilege recognized by Rome in 167 BC, are liberated. Lycian these years, such as the cities of Olympos and Phaselis by pirates who looted their bases. AD In 141 and 240 in suffered great damage, and the resulting earthquakes, pirates, has prepared the end of the Lycian cities. AD 7. century completely lost its importance as the region begins at the end of the Arab invasion. the region's most important architectural works, wooden structures which mimic the outer faces of the rock cut tombs

Lycians had their own language. This language, like the Lycian alphabet with the alphabet written in the western Greeks. Today in Lycian inscriptions are common, especially in the 5th century BC dates. Six of the famous Lycian alphabet consisting of 29 letters in total, Grecian alphabet also has some sound are shown. Lycian language is a long time, Grecian language, or Persian language considered to be a close relative, in 1945, Danish linguist Holger Pedersen, depending on the Lycian language is the language of Anatolia have refuted this view by putting forward. Today, many linguists in the Lycian language is united in the view of a western dialect of Luwian.

Herodotus on the Lycia and the Lycians, non-Greeks in ancient times the Lycians origin people live in Crete. Sarpedon and Minos, Europa's two sons, who had struggled to seize the throne, and the victorious Minos, Sarpedon'u and its supporters had taken out of the country. "Put a group", the ships have moved to Asia and settled in the territory of Milyas. Milyas, at that time and today is occupied by Solymler Lycians' s former name of their country. In the time of Sarpedon kingdom their names was known as "Termils". Even now use this name for Lycians neighbors. Some of the traditions in terms of the traditions of the people of Crete, others the traditions of the people of Caria similar. But unlike anyone else ever have a ceremony. They used the name of their mothers rather than fathers. One Lycians, or who you ask, you name it, his mother, grandmother, great grandmother and great grandmother's name, saying" will respond. If a woman have a child legally considered slaves free. However, there are the following rule: With a free man (an important place in society, no matter how much), and a foreign woman, or the mistress of the child shall not be granted citizenship.

However, recent studies revealed that the archaeological and epigraphic evidence, the Lycians, "a thousand years BC, at the beginning of 2" over the Caucasus to Anatolia and the Mediterranean Region from 'what settled "Lukka tribes Indo-Germanic origin."

 

REGION KLIKIA

The so-called Cilicia, and Side to the east of the region, was a natural place for sea piracy and robbery.

These events, the Romans did not mind at first. Because, in Rome, noble families in their homes and villages, many servants needed to run several jobs. A person who is a slave in Rome, less than three, because the house was considered poor. Every Roman was proud to be a slave owner.

Antiquity by the Greeks, ruled the so-called zone, Cukurova 's and extending to the coast of Alanya, Mersin, and takes them into the back of the slopes of the Taurus Mountains. By the Greeks, The Rough and the Smooth Cilicia which was divided into two parts as the name of the region with the name of HititIer was said by the Kizzuvatna. Kilik, Grecian language, pirate, meant that the gang.

At the end of the unknown periods of ancient history of Anatolia "2 thousand years BC, which is" the name, but is thought to be related to people living in the area Luwian. Remaining within the borders of Cilicia and Antalya region in the cities of Cilicia, is constantly referred at the beginning of the castle of Alanya. From Alanya to Kalediran River, extending to the coastal region are the remains of many ancient cities.

 

THE ROMANS IN ANTALYA

The city of Antalya Pergamum of the Roman Empire through a testament to the passage (133 BC), came under Roman rule.

At that time all of these shores in the hands of pirates. In 79 BC, the Roman Empire, the navy under the command of Pompeius, after clearing the pirates here, however, to able to complete dominance in the region.

Since 167 BC, the island of Delos to the Romans after the "Open Port", they said. As a result, there are several major markets has occurred in a slave. But the pirates at the time the Romans to interfere in the affairs of trade and the coastal cities of Asia Minor, the State began to scorch. The famous grandfather Marcus Antonius Marcus Antonius is attacked with a fleet of them, unable to get an adequate result. However, quick to take revenge on him by the pirates captured daughter. During this time the Romans founded the State of Cilicia. In this state, it included in Pamphylia. It 's probably because it is the name given to this target. Because among the people of Cilicia "Pirate Coast" meant.

The new governors of the state's first fully "profiteer" were. The Dobella Verres and his deputy did not stop with the money they collect from the public. Aspendos and Perge, the temple and took valuables inside buildings, statues, and dismantled the took him with them.

In 88 BC, King of Pontus Mithridates was able to remove all the Romans from Asia Minor. However, this administration did not last long and was removed by Augustus, all the kingdom of Asia Minor.

Meanwhile, sea piracy, on the west coast of Antalya, is not alone in Cilicia, had gone without any obstacles. Sea pirates head called as Zeniketes, took the city of Olympos and settled there. and all regions have become dominant.

In 78 BC, Servilius Vatia appointed by Rome, was the exact opposite of governors passed away before him. Olympos defeating pirates seized a naval battle, and the remaining Zeniketes house set ablaze in despair, committed suicide with his family. But despite all these successes there are still scratching the root of the sea pirates. In 67 BC, Pompeius came here with a great authority, and finally put an end to piracy. In 43 AD, a complete organization of the country was held by the Emperor Claudius. So far this year, which is independent of Pamphylia, Lycia was merged with. The new state was the name of Lycia-Pamphylia.

Under the direction of the Roman Empire in this region, the 2nd and 3rd century AD had a great improvement in the first half, the ruins of cities that amaze us even today developed. Particularly long-Pax-Romana (Roman Peace) in Period, wars were caused by wasted expenditures. State and from the state, name, and boast of monumental buildings, cities built by the race was adorned with the richest citizens. Cities like these coins on them, especially the "Independent", "Rome's ally", "Pamphylia Metropolis" and other similar writings in the form of almost forced to create a pride were in pursuit. Temples were built with a special permit on behalf of the Emperor of emperors also a separate source of pride.

From Traian to Markus Aurelius which lasted until the "Good Emperors Period" described as a cycle, standard of living has reached a level that is too high should be noted here. However, both from the 3rd century AD the Roman emperor ruling majority lack the authority of the lost Roman provinces. People living north of the region, the coast held scoops. Generally, the 3rd and 4th centuries AD Pamphylia was bad for the transfers.

In 395 AD, The Roman Empire divided into two, the entire region of Antalya, and therefore remained within the borders of the Byzantine Empire. At the beginning of the 4th century AD, The Christian community has grown in Antalya and the city became a Christian. The first known church in the name of the bishop as the representative of Antalya between 342 and 343 Serdica'daki (today's Sofia) Synod'a (church conference) Pantagatus'dur participating. During this period, Antalya, Eastern Mediterranean and the east gate of the busiest in the port had a serious advantage. In the 4th century, the old Roman city walls were repaired. Later, the city plays a role in the spread of Christianity in Anatolia, the East luxury goods (spices, textiles, carpets, precious stones, glass, metal works), and an intermediate station has become a transshipment center.

Pamphylia Region, the province was divided into two churches in the Byzantine period. Eastern Pamphylia Side Metropolitan, while the western Pamphylia Metropolitan of Perge depended. During this period the political center of the state of Perge. In the 6th century, Antalya, Perge was the biggest competitor in this regard. Antalya from Syria between 541 and 542 of the plague epidemic was almost destroyed. This devastating pandemic, many people lost their lives in the city.

The city sits in a small Jewish community living in Muslim countries to have relations with the Jewish communities are, largely trading action. In addition, Antalya, Muslim, Venetian, Genoese Italian, or even an international trade center had been used by Spanish merchants. Meanwhile, in Antalya, the right to unrestricted trade, and had a tax exemption. The orders of the Imperial city of Antalya in the Bishopric of ve1084 1083 Metropolis of the Church was Antalya and from that moment, Perge and Sillyon metropolitan was the catalyst for the orders. As a result, the city has become better and flashed. A written sources of the 10th century, The Emperor Constantine I's (306-337 between), a work of art from Antalya (Stela), Istanbul, brought the mentioned.

7. century, Arab raids and was the beginning of the spread of Islam. These raids, Antalya and Pamphylia brought a decline in the economy. Between the Byzantine and Islamic navies Zatu's-Senari War, was held in front of Antalya in 652 and ended in the defeat of the Byzantines. Successive states of the former Byzantine Empire, Egypt, Palestine, Syria and Cilicia, the Umayyad Arabs lost, a significant gain of Pamphylia many Mediterranean trade weakened. 9. century economic and political dark period that lasted until the Antalya, other Myra, Perge, Side, Kolonoros won increasing attention as compared to the coastal cities. However, the city, like other coastal cities of Pamphylia, the Arabs were in danger of sea attacks. III.Leon Emperor (717-741) against Arab attacks, Anatolia, the chief commanders of the military and civil power has allocated a large military areas. Headquarters staff became an admiral and the provincial center of Antalya. This decision is a traditional provincial centers, Side, Perge and Myra, was difficult. Played a role in this decision for various reasons. Port Side was constantly filling with sand. Perge "at the beginning of the 7th century" were damaged by an earthquake. Myra and her harbor, Andriake of soaring up to Antalya (traffic) was not available. Arab invasions 8 - .9. continued through the centuries and many of the ancient city of Anatolia were destroyed. Mardaiten Christian ethnic group, 8. Century Arab raids due to the mountains of Lebanon and Amanus Mountains and the Byzantine Emperor II migrated into Pamphylia. Placed by Justinian in Antalya. 75 km from the city of Antalya. as a result of an attack in the east Side of the city burned, looted, people who save lives, took the breath of the city of Antalya, and settled there. Side homes they abandoned in the "Old Antalya" was named. This name was used until 1970'Ii years. In the name of Side, at that time but knew a few archaeologists. Today was the opposite. Side almost all world-known name. "Old Antalya" is the name, like almost everyone forgot about.

10. century, further increased the importance of Antalya. Antalya is one of the most important cities of the empire during this period. Antalya, a Syrian Arab fleet in 904 as a slave prior to Crete was conquered by the thousands of citizens, and then taken to Syria. Fearing new attacks of the Byzantine Empire, embarked on the construction of new city in Antalya. 10. again from the mid-century, the Byzantine Empire to its former political and economic importance of the empowerment gained Antalya.

But 11 By the end of the century the city's status began to deteriorate again. In 1071 the Battle of Manzikert, and then taken by the Seljuks Anatolian Plateaus in western Anatolia Seljuk sovereignty from a small establishment in Italy, Istanbul and made it difficult for the temporary connection. Political debate between the Anatolian Seljuks, Byzantines, Seljuks service this city, the economic status of his situation was difficult in this region and jeopardize the processing of the input fields. The supplies were to be brought by sea to the city's needs and administrators, to live in the city from time to time to keep your even paid tribute to the Seljuks. The first ascent to the city of Antalya by the Turks, in 860 Turkish admiral Karinoglu Fazl, have been commanded by the Muslim navy. However, the city was conquered by the Byzantines again after a short period of time. This time, the Seljuk raiders Byzantine territory . A major concern in the Emperor Romanos Diogenes. Akincilar eastern borders to counter these moves. However, Manzikert in 1071 in a large suffers defeat. Antalya, the conqueror of Anatolia in 1085, Kutalmisoglu Suleyman Sah by the conquered. However, in Antalya, a port city south. Again captured the Byzantine Emperor Alexius Kommenos Antalya in 1103. After a while, the city was conquered by the Turks again. After this conquest, in 1120, the city is taken back by the Emperor Yuannis Kommenos. Crusade armies into Antalya in January 1148. Crusader armies to attack the Turks in Antalya, a sufficient number of passes of the Taurus Mountains in the north at vigorous absent. For this reason, King Ludwig the sea along the coast road from Antalya to the danger of going to decide. Antalya, 87 years, will remain under Byzantine rule, and the city, in 1182, a search for Il. Sultan Kilicarslan are surrounded by, but not be captured. In April of 1204 with Frank crusader knights, and the Venetians conquer Constantinople, the Byzantine city of Antalya was isolated, completely cut off links with the Byzantine Empire.

Hermes is a mercenary and an Italian family to come, a paramilitary group that uses and to the beginning of the departure. Captured an Eastern city, with the support of the family. Venetians in Antalya and Istanbul in the Emperor always added so take sanctuary prevents . Pope III. Papal firman in 1206 it is specified in the approved lnnozenz this case the actual impact has of Antalya. Hermes also now beginning to prevail in Antalya, the pillaging of the harbor and the shipping of goods from the merchants was confiscated. 87 years later, Sultan I.Gyyaseddin Keyhusrev necessitated the siege again in 1206 in Antalya. According to sources, the sultan of Antalya 's engagement in conquest, Egypt returned from some of the merchants of Khorasan was arrested and robbed by the people of Antalya. Merchants of Khorasan, then this happened, or they went to Kenya to tell the Sultan. Sultan begins to besiege the city, but it gives 16 days after the search. Because, he revs the Cypriots, the Anatolian coast were in a tight trading relationship. In particular were providing food rnaddelerini Antalya. Complying with the request the person named governor of the city of Antalya Dobrandi Therefore in order to save the sultan's siege of 200 infantry soldiers armed with heavy help from Cyprus came to help with unity. Gautier de Montbeliard, who came there at the beginning of the heir to the king of Cyprus. Sultan Keyhusrev, city from captured gave up the siege of the city chose to hold the surrounding hills. The siege proved to be effective as soon as possible. The people of the Greek Cypriots who were trapped in the city with a dispute between city administrators and output. This situation has caused to pass through the city March 11, 1207 the Seljuk Sultanate.

Sultan Giyaseddin Keyhusrev, Antalya 's conquered time, Gautier de Montbeliard at the beginning of the forces from Cyprus, the diagnosis was captured. However, after being released forgive him. Thereupon the commander, with the help of the Christian Cypriots in 1212 by encouraging people to revolt, and the city of Antalya on the expedition by capturing a new city for 4 years has made more independent. But it was not long before the invasion. Sultan Izzeddin Keykavus The city has fought back permanently in 1216. So that the city's Byzantine history came to an end.

 

ANTALYA IN THE BYZANTINE PERIOD

Jesus' disciples of St. Paul's first sermon in 44 Perge Antique City's in response to which, Christianity Pamphylia or full settlement of the in the 5th century BC, has started.

Maintain the identity of the state itself, during Byzantine Period Pamphylia, remained important. Tries, especially as a naval base and commercial port of Antalya served. AD 7th century from the Arab invasion occurred; Perge, Aspendos, Side prepared the end of cities such as.

Region in the late 11th century AD, from time to time, the Seljuks seized from time to time by the Byzantines. Finally, the I. Giyaseddin Keyhusrev again in 1207 by the Seljuks' passed into the hands of.

 

SELJUKS IN ANTALYA

Antalya, the Seljuks' after passing into the hands of the various studies in terms of commercial development and the first commercial agreement was made with the Venetians.

Cultural facilities in the city, began the construction of mosques. Was first castles were restored, and also adds some castles. In addition, some sections re-castles, mansions, bridges, mosques, madrassas, and khans was imarets. Hadrian's Gate, on the north side of the tower was rebuilt by the Seljuks. In the meantime, and also a shipyard docks and breakwaters was made. Nearly 40 years, "Amir-base-sevahile" and "Atabey" Ertokus that from this position after the Bahaddin Mehmet Bey was appointed. After his death in 1276, Ebulmeali Bedreddin Omer has passed in its place.

The Byzantine emperors, Venetian and Genoese merchants in the commercial interests helped her to Antalya. The Seljuks, these relationships had been established before they continued the western merchants. This speeds around the various products of Antalya another, Anatolia 's wool, silk and silver thread, embroidered fabrics, precious carpets and rugs, Konya's wines, especially sides of the trees obtained from Isparta and European markets adragan gum used in painting and gilding work many sought the forest products such as spices, and other similar goods, and in turn all of the east passed the port of Antalya. This city of Konya, in fact, until the railway is made, is an intermediary for trade with Central Anatolia, Egypt and Syria; harbor hundreds of ships, one after another of the city and out of thousands of camel caravan.

Alaeddin Keykubat Alaiye (Alanya) conquered this important next to the port of Antalya lost weight, and the same brightness continued. Sultan Keykubat and his sons, as well as in Alaiye, and he would love to spend the winter in his Antalya courts. Sultan Keykavus's in this memorandum, is how to Antalya by the Turkish commander, a fifth time. After that, just the walls, docks and shipyards built, repaired.

Now that a naval base in Antalya, also Seljuks' s center in the Mediterranean navy. Region, Melik'us-sevahile or Amir'us-sevahile a governor called run by. People's them, not only "Sahil beyi," he said, the word Byzantine sources "Salbeg" has been shaped. Antalya and Alanya, Seljuk State as long standing continued to serve as a very important port and Seljuk rulers, used as a winter residence in Antalya and Alanya.

Seljuk State 's existence as a result of the termination in 1299, the region first Hamidogullari' s and then the Tekeliogullari was the rule. I.Murat time joined by the Ottomans in Ottoman territory.

Seljuk Empire after the fall of the land between Isparta and Antalya Teke tribe,'which is a branch of the Hamidogullari passed under the rule. 14. century, Antalya 's seized Ilyasbeyoglu Dundar Bey, in here and his brother, Bey Yunus to left.

Hamidogullari by the Seljuks, Byzantine border, placed an extreme fiefdom, respectively. Felekuddin Dundar Bey, founder of the Principality, Hamid 's grandson. Principality, was given the name of his grandfather, established the boundaries of his principality, expanded to encompass all the lakes region.

Dundar Bey 's administration Hamidogullari Principality, has played an important role in the area will be the beginning of the century. According to some sources, people Dundar Bey's 15,000 units 30,000 units, including cavalry, who had a strength.

Ilkhanate, when they receive under the sovereignty of Anatolia, also joined them Hamidogullari. But Ilkhanate 's, Demirtas with Governor General of Anatolia, principalities had begun to fade away. In 1324, Dundar Bey in Antalya, stuck it on the foot. At that time, Antalya, Yunus Bey had in the administration of his son Mahmud. Dundar Bey in his brother's son, Mahmoud, Demirtas to cozy up was delivered to his uncle. Demirtas, Dundar Bey on the sovereign territory was killed and his principality. Antalya 's, too, Dundar Bey For I delivered to him that Mahmoud' gave to the.

But three years later, in 1327, Demirtas, Ilkhanid ruler fled a rebellion in Egypt, Mahmud in Antalya, could not stay. He also to Egypt and fled. In Egypt, the Mamluk Sultan 's presence, cousin, Dundar Bey' s son, Isaac Bey and he was imprisoned at the end of a debate.

Ishak Bey, later in Anatolia returned and Egypt 's sovereignty, his lordship put a new order. Antalya is also Mahmoud's brother Khidr Bey reigned. According to historical records, Khidr Bey had 12 cities and 25 fortress. Hizir Bey, but instead, and later his son Sinaneddin Dadi Bey in the times of the events is unknown. Dadi Bey from the Antalya Principality what of Mahmud's son Muberizeddin Mehmet Bey was.

 

 

ANTALYA OTTOMAN ERA

Battle of Ankara in 1402 after the defeat of Bayezid Yyldyrym, Osman Celebi, his lordship to revive the re-acted. Korkuteli seized. But Antalya 's could not.

Between the years 1402-1415 to Antalya Karamanogullari had dominated. Alone is impossible to defeat the Ottoman forces in the city asked for help Karamanoglu Mehmet Bey (in 1423). Firuz Bey, the unification of the forces of Osman Celebi Karamanogullari without challenge, Hamza Bey a sudden raid built to Korkuteli with his subasi. Hamza Bey, sick state" do not escape from capture and killed Osman Celebi. Mehmet Bey in Antalya, this time surrounding the castle, hitting the die thrown a piece of a rose is not alone in Antalya. was passed into the hands of the Ottomans in all these regions. (In 1423).

Tekeogullari's a century-long dominance during the Principality of Teke in was not a big improvement. The most powerful period to leave a trace in continuous culture allows for the Cypriots had fought with. However Teke settled region, and the old which adhere to the Turkish traditions and customs of the Turkmen tribes, Ahi and Bektashi spread. Supporters in particular have a lot of Akhis. Akhis, Tekelioglu time Hizir Bey in Antalya, a large established organization. Hizir Bey, who dominated the hands of the Teke Teke lords dervish lodge in the villages in this region and many lodges, dedicates himself to us.

II.Beyazyt of the late Prince Korkut period, there were at the beginning of the hoist. Today Truncated Minaret Mosque, he turned to a mosque. His father, who came to the throne died, Selim (Yavuz) is moved in, followed by Korkuteli at "Osman crafts village" near "was captured hiding in a cave" was taken to Bursa, where he was killed.

Shah Ismail Teke in 1511, some people in the hands of men Tekeli Sahkulu father pulled out of the rebellion in the combined. Sahkulu Rebellion 'in the same year after the crushing of the Teke Sahkulu Rebellion in the hands of Shiites and to the participants, were exiled to Rumelia. Shoots in the hands of this population decreased because of the Teke, the city and smaller towns. 16. After a century, lost its former importance Teke hand, in later centuries became starboard. Sultan II. Mahmud's time (in 1813), Tekelioglu Mehmet Aga and Ibrahim Agha bunch of revolt remained inconclusive.

Antalya, the management organization of the Ottoman Empire, which is the center of Kutahya Anatolian Province 's 14 subdivisions (provinces) and the starboard one was the center of Teke Sanjak is named. 5th district of the empire towards the end of the Teke Sanjak, connected to Konya province in 1913, this province has been one of the five subdivisions. He was 549 times the total number of villages. The total population of 224 000 persons in 1890 was Sanchez. Accounted for as much as 15,000 units of this nomadic shepherds. State archive, a document dated 1840 in the Castle of Antalya due to the proliferation of the population, the establishment of a neighborhood outside the city walls and a door opening (today Yenikapi) was allowed. Later in Antalya, in the spring of 1913 was the Teke Sanjak mutasarryflyk name of an independent. In the same year in Italy and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, in Antalya opened a consulate. Sancaks the Republican era, Province" was named. Antalya has emerged.

Zincirkiran Mehmed Bey

Mubarizeddin Mehmet Bey, "Zincirkiran" referred to by the title of a valuable man. Mehmed Bey took the life of the fight against Cypriots. In his time, a kind of Antalya Unable to forget the pain of loss I.Pierre King of Cyprus, with a fleet from 114 parts of a sudden one day after the Antalya and Antalya is also surrounded by sea and land 's seized. Pierre King of Cyprus, the Turks took the city again in this way was a half century later. Antalya between 1361-1373 in possession of the kingdom of Cyprus, north of Pasha Mosque demolished a tower, but today we understand from the inscription. The inscription, strong with the help of God, Cyprus and Jerusalem, Emperor Peter the night of the 24th of August in 1361 with the strongest military on Tuesday took Antalya" is called.

However, this loss did not give up Zincirkiran Mehmed Bey. "Korkuteli district," continued the war until withdrawn. Meanwhile, the forces multiplied over the years, raised. Whatever it is put on the head Cypriots to put this beautiful harbor.

Mehmed Bey took a long time preparing. With patience and effort has created a full twelve years. In the end, Antalya and again in 1373 under Turkish Cypriots inserting succeeded in driving out the city. This is how to Antalya, a Turkish commander, by the sixth time.

Zincirkiran Mehmed Bey in Antalya after the victory or input that was as magnificent as that, so far in Antalya not met the commander so enthusiastically, had not reached such a love. Mehmed Bey, so much that it rejoiced, however, decided to have a mosque as an expression of gratitude. This request, in the castle, Fluted Minaret Mosque referred to as the mosque, by improving the overall repair and realized.

Zincirkiran Mehmed Bey, Antalya 's, and saved the lives five years, but then died in 1378, was buried in Complex The Fluted Minaret. This vault was built as planned over the grave of a shrine. Mehmed Bey 'Osman Bey went instead of after the death. Mr. Osman Celebi, until 1392 in Antalya, reigned. Osman Bey, during the reign of Mr. Chalabi "Tekelioglu Principality" of power and importance of the old left. "Sultan 1.Murat" Alaeddin Bey in 1387 Karamanoglu defeated Beysehir 'when it comes to e, Tekeogullari' s case, because of very weak, did not see the need to make time on the Teke. Yildirim Beyazit in 1390, Osman Celebi's son, Mustafa Bey in Antalya which marched on the hands. Mustafa Bey to Egypt was conquered by the Ottomans fled and the city (in 1392). Firuz Bey was appointed guardian of Antalya and then a Teke "Prince ensign" was.

 

NATIONAL STRUGGLE IN BIRMINGHAM

Balkan War, the defeated Ottoman Empire, the Italians had been forced to sign a peace treaty that certain privileges.

After this agreement is the first non-Italian group, together with the Mayor of Rhodes to Antalya arrived. At that time, the city of Antalya, the three Greek Italian nationality, had two Jewish families, and they had given authority to the British Consulate in the protection of rights.

Authority before they took it back to the British Consulate. They rented a house built in the Italian Consulate in the new building and drew on the flags.

Tripoli 'in Italy and the war continued, nea Nigde Abdullah Sabri Bey was appointed Governor of Antalya. Abdullah Sabri Bey, died, was appointed to replace Kemal Bey PreviousNext Burdur. Italians were the first sign of Antalya, September 19, 1329 requests for colonization (November 2, 1913) began with the initiative of opening a school on. New post, but it prevented the Italians, a sea captain named Cavalini this time, bringing the women's division in the Elementary School is located in the building and today Dumlupinar Yenikapi district opened eight-bed hospital. They had not been given official permission. But, Dr. Cavalini sheath keeping the job, it is stated to be used as a clinic and the patient had already begun to work deposit. Subsequently, a school was opened again without permission. The governor of Sanjak, a response to these developments can not do anything the Italians, the capitulation of the imagination to take power, as much as possible enhances the work of this kind.

In the meantime, the Italian Hospital, taking both male and female patients, by providing free medicines, trying to vengeance. Unfortunately, those days in Antalya, the only official doctor, that the municipality doctor Ispraki Efendi, respectively. People flock to the Italian Hospital, helpless, 'what was running and it was impossible to avoid. Also participating. Cavalini go to villages as well as looking at patients, medication was giving his money out of pocket even.

On the other hand, continued to work a large variety of fields. On behalf of two people who are older than the search warrant obtained Italian nationality, but outdated, even the owners to claim the rights to mineral deposits have died, movie opening, to establish the electrical plant, open, etc ... things like railways were made.

Italian Consul, mingling with local safety and municipal affairs of the municipal police, arrogance had taken a step further. But the start of the First World War, known for bold initiatives Sabur Sami Bey, Consul excessive movement of the starboard and a hard way to arrive in the brain to respond to the changed situation. Consul, took him to the doctor and the other Italians, as he moved away, leaving all the facilities.

The First World War, after, the Italians win the war in the first movement was to extend the claws back to Antalya.

Antalya's commercial relations, was provided only by sea. Sugar, came by ship from Trieste. Dry Goods and similar articles, came from Marseilles. Rice and coffee in Egypt from the Arab ships were coming. The link between Istanbul and Izmir with, Greek Yandelion, nominally Ottoman, in fact, is provided by the ships of the Greek Hadji David. Kochisar'dan camels were brought salt from the land by nomadic shepherds.

Tripoli War began in 1911, interruption of sea voyages, especially between 1914-1918 due to the blockade of the French cruisers Antalya connection is completely lost touch with the outside world. To match every need for waste to foreign countries, so that quite oppressed people of Antalya. People's eyes had been opened prior to the cruise line as soon as possible.

The Italians led the way for the first time after the Rhodes Armistice Treaty. Antalya is an Italian ship which berthed in Rhodes Mayor. At first, including clothing items, many imported article was in need of Antalya.

On the other hand, which is empty for four years, President of the Chamber of Commerce H.Ratip Osman Efendi for rent house belongs to, it was the Italian Consulate. British Consulate building, the current owner of the building at the time of the Special Administration Business Centre has been in the ground and later died in Istanbul heir to the British Consul hired his sister.

In those years there were two doors opening to the world of Anatolia. Black Sea and the Mediterranean, Antalya Inebolu. And the Italians came and went every day, the first lines in a large number of merchant ships.

Port of Antalya in the spring of 1919 at an Italian in an Italian battleship with torpedoes lured to the shore waiting for days, battleships evacuation boats, pouring back and forth between the dock with the other. On the other hand, the banner went to Antalya at the end of the truce, had not been assigned a new one instead. Government, the Grand Vizier Ferid Pasha's hands. If the task of the Minister of Internal Medicine, Ibradili famous Cemal Bey conducted. Treasurer Akka, while the loss of Palestine, on the Antalya Defterdar 'Ibradili Bey assigned to the (Talat Kismir) Principality Sanchez was given by proxy.

ANTALYA IN TURKISH REPUBLICAN PERIOD

1923-1924 in Antalya, population, most of them consisted of 23 000 living in wooden houses.

Arab immigrants in Crete and Greece, while there are Turks, the vast majority of the population, the other. Greek population in the Ottoman era is about 1/3 of all formed. Many Jews and Armenians also lived in Antalya. Two Turks cemetery, a hospital, on the school; Greeks metropolitans, four churches, schools, and a fire brigade were on two different levels.

Later, the Greeks in the city with the great efforts of Ataturk in 1925, succeeding in Thessaloniki and Crete Island Turkish immigrants brought by the exchange occurred from the Turks by the people of the city of Antalya. Antalya's population of immigrants from Thessaloniki and Crete in 1927, but was 17 373.

 

THE STORIES OF ANTALYA

According to a common belief that 2000 years ago, "King of Pergamum II. Attalos" wanted to find the paradise on earth from his most popular raiders.

II.Attalos said to his raiders: "Go, find me a place on earth so that all kings, all rulers keep the eye. Find a place so that no one can not separate the eye from there. Find me go to heaven on earth.". Raiders, the difficulty of the work of this order, deliberately set off the impossible in a sense, the land traveled the land. Weeks, months traveled, but did not find a kind of a place like the kings wanted. Until, that is, the way one day to go beyond the so-called Beli Rod, heaven on earth in the doors, the foot of the Taurus Mountains, among the pine trees of the Mediterranean until it is opened in a magical evening!

Snow-covered hills Bey Mountains, untouched forests, greens, fired in the silver shores of the sea and the indigo blue of the setting sun, cut the Bergama conquerors breaths. Descended down from the Taurus Mountains, the world is a paradise filled with abundance of colorful plain. In the end that they meet today's unique natural beauty of Antalya in the face of the city came to the place thought they had found paradise at last. Here the raiders returned to Pergamum, before the king got up and feel the galloping "to your subordinates have found paradise!" They said. King Attalos raiders "Heaven" as they say a lot wanted to see for himself. Raiders forward again fallen, King Attalos had watched them from behind. Today upon arrival at the location of Antalya, where the King Attalos II agree that heaven had ordered the immediate establishment of a large city.

This is a magnificent city founded by the Pergamon and the city as soon as possible, on behalf of King Attalos izafeten "Attaleia" gave the name. Later, this name, respectively "Stela" "Satalya" "Adalya" and "Antalya as" changed.

The ancient geographer Strabo era , Antalya , states that: "After Phaselis Pamphylia of Olbia in the beginning, and a large castle, and from there, a large volume and tone can be heard remotely, very strongly described as a high rock down to the river is reached by multiplying the fall and Kataraktes. After that, the city of Attaleia reached. Philadelphos the name of the founder of Attalos was named after. He is also a small environment of a rather large town surrounded by walls to Korykos sent a colony. And Thebe, as well as Lymessos, Phaselis can be seen between the Attaleia. Kallisthenes according to the "Cilicians belong to Troja part " plain Thebe Pamphylia is spread. "

 

OLD NAMES OF ANTALYA

2nd King of Pergamum Attalos, owned half of the region but did not receive ceases, due to the need for a port city bearing its name, "Attelia" established.

The modern name of the city are known to come here. During the Hellenistic period the city's name in Arabic sources referred to as "Antalie". Name of the city during the Byzantine rule, also referred to as Pamphylia.

The city is known as Turkish history, the Adalya. The Turks then give the name of the city of Antalya.

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